Al’amuran Muhalli A Nijeriya

0
348
Yankin Delta na Nijeriya, gida mai babbar masana’antar mai, yana fuskantar mummunar malalar mai da sauran matsalolin muhalli, waɗanda suka haifar da rikici.
Kula da sharar gida ciki har da maganin najasa, hanyoyin da aka alaƙanta na sare dazuzzuka da lalatacciyar ƙasa, da canjin yanayi ko ɗumamar yanayi su ne, manyan matsalolin muhalli a Najeriya. Gudanar da sharar gida yana gabatar da matsaloli a cikin babban birni kamar Lagos da sauran manyan biranen Nijeriya waɗanda ke da alaƙa da haɓaka tattalin arziki, ƙaruwar jama’a da kuma rashin ikon majalisun birni don gudanar da sakamakon ƙaruwar sharar masana’antu da ta gida.
Wannan babbar matsalar ta kula da shara, ta zama sanadiyyar rashin wadataccen tsarin kula da muhalli na Al’ummar Kubwa a cikin Babban Birnin Tarayya, inda akwai halaye na zubar da shara ba, tare da nuna bambanci ba, zubar da shara tare ko cikin magudanan ruwa, tsarin magudanan ruwa waɗanda suke hanyoyin ruwa ne, da makamantansu.
Shirye-shiryen masana’antar Haphazard, karuwar birane, talauci da kuma rashin ƙwarewar gwamnatin birni ana ganin su ne manyan dalilan yawaitar gurbacewar sharar a manyan biranen kasar. Wasu daga cikin ‘mafita’ sun kasance masu matukar illa ga muhalli, wanda hakan ya haifar da zubar da shara marasa kyau a wuraren da zai iya gurɓata hanyoyin ruwa da ruwan ƙarƙashin ƙasa.
A shekara ta 2005 Nijeriya ta kasance mafi yawan adadi a duniya a cewar Hukumar Abinci da Noma ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (FAO). A waccan shekarar, kashi 12.2%, kwatankwacin kadada 11,089,000 an yi dazuzzuka a ƙasar. Tsakanin shekarar 1990 zuwa 2000, Nijeriya ta rasa matsakaicin kadada 409,700 na gandun daji a kowace shekara daidai da matsakaicin gandun daji na shekara-shekara da kashi 2.4%. Tsakanin shekarar 1990 zuwa 2005, gaba ɗaya Nijeriya ta rasa kashi 35.7% na gandun dajin, ko kuma kusan hekta 6,145,000.
A shekarar 2010, dubunnan mutane sun shiga cikin ƙasa ba tare da gangan ba game da hakar zinare a jihar Zamfara dake Arewacin kasar. Duk da yake alƙaluma sun bambanta, ana tunanin cewa sama da yara 400 sun mutu sakamakon mummunan gubar, hakan yasa wannan watakila shi ne mafi girma a yawan cutar gubar da aka taɓa fuskanta. Ya zuwa na 2016, ƙoƙarin don gudanar da fallasar yana gudana.
labarin da ya wuceHalittun Tsirrai A Najeriya
Labarin na GabaTattalin Arziki A Nijeriya
Khadija Yusha'u (Amira) Babbar ɗalibar Addini ce, wacce ta karanci abin ci da lafiyar sa (Food and Nutrition) da kuma ƙwararriyar mai haɗa abin ci da kuma koyar da aikin hannu.