Halittun Tsirrai A Nijeriya

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Nijeriya tana da matuƙar baiwar da yawancin bishiyoyi waɗanda yawancinsu ‘yan asalin ƙasar ne, yayin da ‘yan kaɗan ke da ban sha’awa. Rahoton ya nuna cewa yawan kaso mafi yawa na gandun daji da mutum ya yi a cikin ƙasar, yana da rinjaye da nau’ikan nau’ikan na baƙi. Wannan ya samo asali ne daga zaton cewa bishiyoyi masu ban mamaki suna girma cikin sauri. Koyaya, nazarin ya kuma bincika ci gaban bishiyoyi na asali tare da na wasu nau’ikan halittu.
Yawancin ƙasashe a Afirka suna fama da Cutar ciesan Baƙon Cutar (IAS). A shekarar 2004, kungiyar IUCN – World Conservation Union ta bayyana IAS 81 a Afirka ta Kudu, 49 a Mauritius, 37 a Algeria da Madagascar, 35 a Kenya, 28 a Masar, 26 a Ghana da Zimbabwe, da 22 a Habasha.Koyaya, abu kaɗan ne sananne game da IAS a cikin Najeriya, tare da yawancin rahotanni na fasaha da wallafe-wallafen dake ba da rahoton ƙasa da shuke-shuke masu mamaye 10 a cikin ƙasar.
Baya ga masu mamaye tsire-tsire, Rattus rattus da Avian mura mura suma an dauke su IAS a Nijeriya. Farkon shigowar IAS cikin Nijeria ya fi yawa ta hanyar gabatarwar shuke-shuke wanda shuwagabannin mulkin mallaka suka yi, ko dai don itacen bishiyar daji ko kuma don abubuwan ado. Shigowar shuke-shuke zuwa Nijeriya a lokacin mulkin mallaka bayan an sami ƙwarin gwuiwa ta hanyar haɓaka ayyukan tattalin arziki, fara binciken mai na kasuwanci, gabatarwa ta jiragen ruwa, da kuma shigar da shuke-shuke na kayan kwalliya ta masu harkar kasuwanci.
Saboda yawan amfani da ruwa, ragowar halittu da kuma gandun daji na farko a Nijeriya an ƙayyade su ga wuraren da aka kiyaye waɗanda suka hada da wurin ajiyar halittu guda ɗaya, wuraren shaƙatawa na ƙasa guda bakwai, wurin tarihi na Duniya guda daya, Tsattsauran Yanayi 12 (SNRs), wuraren wasanni 32 / wuraren bautar namun daji, da kuma ɗaruruwan gandun daji. Waɗannan su ne ƙari ga wuraren da ake kiyayewa da yawa kamar su arboreta, lambunan lambu, lambun dabbobi, da bankuna ɗari da manyan makarantu da cibiyoyin bincike ke gudanarwa
A cikin yankin busasshiyar bushashi da busasshiyar savanna ta Afirka ta Yamma, gami da Nijeriya, yawancin nau’ikan dicots na ciyawa musamman daga jinsi na Crotalaria, Alysicarpus, Cassia da Ipomea an san su da yawa a cikin kiwon dabbobi. Sau da yawa ana fizge su ko a sare su, kuma a ciyar da su azaman sabo ko abincin dabbobi. Amfani da waɗannan da sauran tsire-tsire masu tsire-tsire a cikin yanayin gonar yana da dama.
Akwai wasu nau’ikan halittu da yawa da suka fito daga Nijeriya, gami da waken soya da ire-irenta, suna matsayin muhimmiyar hanyar samar da mai da furotin a wannan yankin. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan ciyayin sun hada da, Euphorbiaceae, waɗanda suke da niyyar taimakawa malaria, cututtukan ciki da sauran cututtuka. Abubuwa daban-daban na damuwa kamar fari, ƙarancin abinci mai ƙarancin ƙasa da sauƙin kamuwa da kwari sun ba da gudummawa ga noman Masara ya kasance wani ɓangare na harkar noma a wannan yankin.
Kamar yadda masana’antu suka ƙaru, hakan kuma ya sanya nau’ikan bishiyoyi a cikin dajin cikin haɗari ga gurbatacciyar iska, kuma bincike ya nuna cewa a wani ɓangare na Nijeriya, bishiyoyi sun nuna juriya da girma a yankunan dake da matuƙar gurɓatacciyar iska.
labarin da ya wuceYanayi A Nijeriya
Labarin na GabaAl’amuran Muhalli A Nijeriya
Khadija Yusha'u (Amira) Babbar ɗalibar Addini ce, wacce ta karanci abin ci da lafiyar sa (Food and Nutrition) da kuma ƙwararriyar mai haɗa abin ci da kuma koyar da aikin hannu.